Command and management is about decision making, the exercise of course by a properly designated commander over assigned and connected forces in the accomplishment of a mission, and is supported by info technology (the computers and communications part of C4I). The United States Defence is aggressively exploiting these applied sciences with a view to obtain information superiority, with the objective of reaching better and sooner selections, and frequently projecting, albeit with uncertainties, future desired states and directing actions to result in those future states.
Command and control refers back to the train of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and hooked up forces within the accomplishment of the mission. Command and management features are carried out through an association of personnel, gear, communications, services, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations within the accomplishment of the mission. Command refers to the authority that a commander within the Armed Forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command consists of the authority and duty for successfully using accessible. This is not a body Body Armour. It is computer related.
resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling navy forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. Computing and communications are two pervasive enabling technologies that help C2 and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Computer systems and communications course of and transport information. Management is authority which can be less than full command exercised by a commander over a part of the actions of subordinate or other organizations. Bodily or psychological pressures exerted with the intent to guarantee that an agent or group will reply as directed. Intelligence is the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, analysis, and interpretation of accessible info regarding foreign nations or areas. Data and knowledge about an adversary obtained by way of commentary, investigation, evaluation, or understanding.
One vital functionality that C4I programs present commanders and Armoured Vehicles users is situational consciousness--details about the situation and status of enemy and friendly forces. A necessary element of achieving superiority in resolution making, it does not alone assure superior determination making. Commanders should take relevant data and combine it with their judgment--including troublesome-to-quantify points of human habits (resembling fatigue, experience degree, and stress), the uncertainty of knowledge, and the plausible future states resulting from actions by each their own drive and the enemy--to make decisions about future actions and the way to convey these selections in ways to facilitate their correct execution. In doing so, commanders are supported by tools to enable and speed up the planning and decision-making process, to achieve the choice-making superiority envisioned by DOD.
And, in fact, to be effective, command selections must be applied, a process to which C4I applied sciences are also related (e.g., in dashing up the link through which targeting info is passed to weapons, the so-referred to as sensor-to-shooter hyperlink). The event and use of the appropriate tools allow the commander to focus better on those points related to the essence of command--the artwork versus the science. As more and better-automated instruments are developed and persons are skilled to use them, it's going to grow to be even more essential to acknowledge the artwork of command as distinguished from the mechanics of the tools used to offer information.
Leadership was once about hard skills such as planning, finance and business analysis. When command and control ruled the corporate world, the leaders were heroic rationalists who moved people around like pawns and fought like stags. When they spoke, the company employees jumped.
Now, if the gurus and experts are right, leadership is increasingly concerned with soft skills - teamwork, communication and motivation. Some suggest that we expect too much of leaders. Indeed, "renaissance" men and women are rare. Leadership in a modern organisation is highly complex and it is increasingly difficult - sometimes impossible - to find all the necessary traits in a single person. Among the most crucial skills is the ability to capture your audience - you will be competing with lots of other people for their attention. Leaders of the future will also have to be emotionally efficient. They will promote variation rather than promoting people in their own likeness. They will encourage experimentation and enable people to learn from failure. They will build and develop people.
Is it too much to expect of one person? I think it probably is: In the future, we will see leadership groups rather than individual leaders. This change in emphasis from individuals towards groups was charted by the leadership guru Warren Bennis in his work "Organizing Genius" He concentrates on famous ground-breaking groups rather than individual Wma and focuses, for example, on the achievements of Xerox's Palo Alto Research Centre, the group behind the 1992 Clinton campaign, and the Manhattan Project which delivered the atomic bomb. "None of us is as smart as all of us", says Professor Bennis.
While flexibility is important in this new leadership model, it should not be interpreted as weakness.The two most lauded corporate chiefs of the past decade, Percy Barnevik, of Asea Brown Boveri, and Jack Welch, of General Electric, dismantled bureaucratic structures using both soft and hard skills. They coach and cajole as well as command and control. The "leader as coach" is yet another phrase more often seen in business books than in the real world. Acting as a coach to a colleague is not something that comes easily to many executives. It is increasingly common for executives to need mentoring. They need to talk through decisions and to think through the impact of their behaviour on others in the organisation.
In the macho era, support was for failures, but now there is a growing realisation that leaders are human after all, and that leadership is as much a human art as a rational science. Today's leaders don't follow rigid role models but prefer to nurture their own leadership style. They do not do people's jobs for them or put their faith in developing a personality cult. They regard leadership as drawing people and disparate parts of the organisation together in ways that makes individuals and the organisation more effective.
Emily Guzman Alarcon
- How Making Use Of Command And Control Management Will Enhance Achievement